Galerie Louis Carré, Paris.
Durand-Ruel Galleries, New York.
Acquired from the above by the late owner, November 1949.
Please note the correct medium is oil on paper laid down on canvas.
Property from the Estate of Rita K. Hillman
Cahiers d'Art, 1940-1944, nos. 15-19, p. 152 (illustrated).
L. Venturi, Georges Rouault, Paris, 1948, p. 199 (illustrated, pl. 170).
H.W. Janson and D.J. Janson, The Story of Painting for Young People, New York, 1952, p. 147, no. 123 (illustrated in color).
"Retrospective Exhibition: Rouault," in Los Angeles County Museum Bulletin of the Art Division, Summer 1953, vol. 5, no. 3, p. 31.
E.C. Munro, Golden Encyclopedia of Art, New York, 1961, p. 251 (illustrated in color).
P. Courthion, Georges Rouault, New York, 1962, p. 469, no. 442 (illustrated, p. 445).
B. Dorival and I. Rouault, Rouault, L'oeuvre peint, Monte-Carlo, 1988, vol. II, p. 212, no. 2229 (illustrated).
E. Braun, Manet to Matisse, The Hillman Family Collection, Seattle and London, 1994, p. 164, no. 62 (illustrated in color, p. 165).
Paris, Galerie Durand-Ruel et Cie., 1949.
Paris, Musée National d'Art Moderne, Georges Rouault, July-October 1952, p. 30, no. 71 (illustrated, pl. XIV).
Brussels, Palais des Beaux-Arts and The Hague, Municipal Museum, Georges Rouault, Rétrospective, 1952, p. 55, no. 51 (illustrated, pl. 43).
New York, The Museum of Modern Art; The Cleveland Museum of Art and Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Rouault, retrospective exhibition, 1953, p. 29.
New York University, The Grey Art Gallery, Georges Rouault, April-May 1981.