Henry Hope, born in Boston, Mass., was, together with his first cousin John Hope and Thomas and Adrian Hope, director of the renowned banking house Hope & Co. John Williams (1757-1839), a young clerk from Cornwall joined the firm and married Anne Goddard, the younger daughter of Henry Hope's sister Henrietta, in 1782. Thus John Williams became a partner in the bank and added the name Hope to his own. The Hope family were important patrons of Henry Bone (see R. Walker, op. cit., pp. 330-331, nos. 268-286) and several versions of the present enamels are recorded (he: Phillips, London, 11 December 1985, lot 332; Phillips, London, 8 July 1997, lot 172; she: Sotheby's, London, 6 June 1996, lot 135; Bonhams, London, 22 April 1998, lot 135). For a version of 1804, see exhibition catalogue Thomas Hope: Regency Designer, The Bard Graduate Center, New York, and Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 2008, no. 6, colour illustr. p. 273. This exhibition catalogue (p. 6, fig. 1-2) features a large scale family portrait by Benjamin West, also of 1802, depicting Henry Hope, his sister Henrietta, his heir Anne and John Williams Hope with their five children.
The preparatory drawing for Bone's portrait of Mrs Hope is in the National Portrait Gallery (see R. Walker, supra).