• Fine American Paintings, Drawi auction at Christies

    Sale 2285

    Fine American Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture

    4 March 2010, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 138

    James Edward Buttersworth (1817-1894)

    The U.S.S. Pennsylvania Under Tow at the Outbreak of the American Civil War with Fort Monroe in the Background

    Price Realised  

    James Edward Buttersworth (1817-1894)
    The U.S.S. Pennsylvania Under Tow at the Outbreak of the American Civil War with Fort Monroe in the Background
    signed 'J E Buttersworth' (lower right)
    oil on board
    10 x 12 in. (25.4 x 30.5 cm.)


    Contact Client Service
    • info@christies.com

    • New York +1 212 636 2000

    • London +44 (0)20 7839 9060

    • Hong Kong +852 2760 1766

    • Shanghai +86 21 6355 1766

    Contact the department

    U.S.S. Pennsylvania was a 120-gun ship of the line, at 3241 tons, the largest vessel ever built for the American sailing navy. She was laid down at the Philadelphia Navy Yard as part of the Act of 1816, which called for $1 million spent over eight years on nine ships with at least 74 guns, and 12 ships with at least 44 guns. The U.S.S. Pennsylvania was laid down six years later, and spent a decade and a half on the shipways. Pennsylvania was finally commissioned during the final months of 1837 and, at year's end, undertook her only sea voyage, a trip from Delaware Bay to Chesapeake Bay. She was decommissioned after her arrival at the Gosport Navy Yard, across the Elizabeth River from Norfolk, Virginia. The big ship was laid up there until 1842, when she began a long career as a receiving ship. On 20 April 1861, as Confederate forces threatened the Gosport and Norfolk Navy Yards, U.S.S. Pennsylvania was burned to the waterline to prevent her capture.

    Provenance

    Private collection, New York.
    Acquired from the present owner from the above.