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    Sale 2769

    Old Master Pictures and Drawings

    14 November 2007, Amsterdam

  • Lot 158

    Jan van Goyen (Leiden 1596-1656 The Hague)

    A river landscape with figures in a horse-drawn cart crossing a bridge, a village with a church beyond

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    Jan van Goyen (Leiden 1596-1656 The Hague)
    A river landscape with figures in a horse-drawn cart crossing a bridge, a village with a church beyond
    signed and dated 'I V GOIEN 1628' (lower centre)
    oil on panel
    39.8 x 63.6 cm.


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    Van Goyen was the son and grandson of cobblers and it was his father, interested himself in painting and drawing, who encouraged his son to become a stained glass painter. After the young Jan van Goyen studied with a variety of artists in his native Leiden, he decided, against his father's wishes, to enter the studio of Esaias van de Velde in 1616. Van Goyen remained in this Haarlem studio until 1618. These two years of apprenticeship had a major impact on the young artist and Van de Velde's influence is visible throughout Van Goyen's career, particularly in his feeling for space and atmosphere and in the fluidity of the brush handling.

    Although Van Goyen moved away from the compositional structures of Esaias van de Velde, the present landscape still attests to the influence of the latter, for example in the richly dressed, colourful figures in the carriage. These figures, all packed together in a small cart with the coachman spuring the horses and a traveller crossing their way, lends a very vivid movement to the picture. Van Goyen chose a rather low viewpoint to emphasize this scene, and he employed several axes that lead the eye to the carriage and further into the landscape, to the village with the church tower, the distant bridge and the fisherman in his boat in the middleground. These carefully placed elements along the various diagonals establish a sense of spatial recession and movement, which is further enhanced by the manner in which the clouds are depicted. Already in this relatively early work the artist's interest in the effects of weather and atmosphere is evident.

    Dr. Beck has suggested that the village with its distinctive church tower, a square base with an octagonal belltower, could be the village of Rijnsaterwoude, Zuid-Holland.

    Special Notice

    Christie’s charges a premium to the buyer on the Hammer Price of each lot sold at the following rates: 29.75% of the Hammer Price of each lot up to and including €5,000, plus 23.8% of the Hammer Price between €5,001 and €400,000, plus 14.28% of any amount in excess of €400,001. Buyer’s premium is calculated on the basis of each lot individually.


    Provenance

    Max Kann, Paris.
    with Galerie Sedelmayer, Paris.
    Anonymous sale; Paris, 22 April 1896, lot 21 (Ff. 950 to Kleinberger). Baron Königswarter, Vienna; his sale, Berlin, 20 November 1906, lot 26 (Reichsmark 8900).
    Anonymous sale; Sotheby's, London, 6 April 1949, lot 121 (£ 340 to Burkill).
    Anonymous sale; Sotheby's, London, 13 December 1950, lot 94 (£ 95 to Soames).
    with Fischer-Böhler, Munchen, 1951.
    Dr. C. Benedict, Paris.
    with A. Brod, London.
    Julius Löwenstein, London, 1953.
    with A. Brod, London, 1955.
    J. R. Bier, Haarlem, 1958.
    with D. Vaarties, Rotterdam, 1960.
    with Castendijk, Rotterdam, 1990, where purchased by the family of the present owner.


    Literature

    C. Hofstede de Groot, Beschreibendes und kritisches Verzeichnis der Werke der hervorragendsten höllandischen Maler des XVII. Jahrhunderts, Esslingen/Stuttgart/Paris, 1923, VIII, no. 723.
    H. Volhard, Die Grundtypen der Landschaftsbilder Jan van Goyens und ihre Entwicklung, Frankfurt, 1927, p. 175.
    H.-U. Beck, Jan van Goyen 1596-1656, Amsterdam, 1973, II. p. 208, no. 430, illustrated.