• Impressionist Modern Day Sale auction at Christies

    Sale 2217

    Impressionist Modern Day Sale

    4 November 2009, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 288

    Jean (Hans) Arp (1886-1966)

    Sous le soleil noir de joie

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    Jean (Hans) Arp (1886-1966)
    Sous le soleil noir de joie
    signed, titled and dated 'ARP sous le soleil noir de joie 1957' (on the artist's label affixed to the backboard)
    oil on board relief laid down on board
    Image size: 19 5/8 x 13¾ in. (49.8 x 34.9 cm.)
    Mount size: 24 x 18 in. (61 x 45.7 cm.)
    Executed in 1957


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    An elegant arrangement of amorphous forms in shades of black and gray, this 1957 painted relief conjures a sense of a magical world of natural growth through the unforced harmony of its composition. Highlighted by a single yellow painted shape, the composition is defined by the radiance of this near fluorescent color and the shadows cast by the form's volume onto the pure white background.

    Arp determined early in his career that he did not wish to work from nature, as so many artists had before him, but rather endeavored to "be natural...I remember a discussion with Mondrian in which he distinguished between art and nature, saying that art is artificial and nature natural. I do not share his opinion. I believe that nature is not in opposition to art. Art is of natural origin and is sublimated and spiritualized" ("Hans Arp: 'Art is a fruit'," 1948, in M. Jean, ed., Jean (Hans) Arp: Collected French writings, Poems, Essays, Memories, London, 1963, p. 241). As nature never stops producing, he continually searched for new constellations of form through the example of stars, clouds, plants, animals and man.

    Discussing the way in which he allowed the unconscious laws of chance to determine the form and outcome of his work, Arp explained:

    I allow myself to be guided by the work at the time of its birth, I have confidence in it. I don't reflect. The forms come, pleasing or strange, hostile, inexplicable, dumb or drowsy. They are born of themselves. It seems to me that I only have to move my hands. These lights, these shadows, that "chance" sends us, should be welcomed by us with astonishment and gratitude. The "chance," for example, that guides our fingers...[and]...the forms that then take shape, give us access to mysteries, reveal to us the profound sources of life...Very often, the colour which one selects blindly becomes the vibrant heart of the picture...It is sufficient to close one's eyes for the inner rhythm to pass into the hands with more purity. This transfer, this flux is still easier to control, to guide in a dark room. A great artist of the Stone Age knew how to conduct the thousands of voices that sang in him; he drew with his eyes turned inward (quoted in ibid., pp. 435-436).

    Provenance

    Leon A. Mnuchin, New York (by 1981).
    Renee Mnuchin Tannenberg, New York (by descent from the above).
    By descent from the above to the present owner.


    Literature

    B. Rau and M. Seuphor, Hans Arp, Die Reliefs, Oeuvre-Katalog, Stuttgart, 1981, p. 255, no. 534 (illustrated).


    Exhibited

    Paris, Galerie Edouard Loeb, Jean Arp, 1958, no. 10.