This accomplished pair of paintings has only recently been recognized as youthful works by Jean-François de Troy from around 1710-1715. While the beautifully described head of Venus finds its closest parallels in contemporaneous portraits by the artist's father, François de Troy (1645-1730), such as that of the Duchess du Maine in The Astronomy Lesson of the Duchess du Maine (circa 1705-1710; Musée de L'Ile-de-France, Sceaux), the overall composition seems entirely unique. Its pendant -- depicting the goddess of the hunt, Diana, being dried and dressed by her attendants after her bath -- is similar to several other representations of the subject by the younger De Troy from the late 'teens and early 1720s, especially The Bath of Diana, which is known only from copies (see C. Léribault, Jean-François de Troy 1679-1752, Paris, 2002, p. 241, no.*P.66), and another Bath of Diana (J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles; Léribault, op. cit., 2002, p. 82) that Léribault dates to around 1720. The close observation of nature, rhythmic interlacing of figures, and sensual appreciation of the soft flesh of the female form found in these early canvases would come to characterize De Troy's art throughout his long career.