Ernest Blum, Paris.
Mr. and Mrs. Potter Palmer, Chicago (by 1893).
Potter Palmer, Jr., Chicago (by descent from the above).
Anon. sale, Sotheby Parke Bernet, New York, 11 May 1977, lot 7.
Acquired at the above sale by the late owners.
Please note the amended provenance: Mr. and Mrs. Potter Palmer, Chicago (1893).
Please note the amended exhibition reference: Chicago, World Columbian Exposition, May-October 1893, p. 63, no. 2966.
The Collection of Raymond and Miriam Klein
We are pleased to present the following two works from the collection of Raymond and Miriam Klein. Prominent Philadelphia based collectors and philanthropists, the Kleins are remembered for both their indelible sense of style and for their generous support, not only in donations, but also of their time for local and international community based causes including, the Kimmel Center, Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia, the Sheba Medical Center in Israel, the Raymond and Miriam Klein Community Center, Tel Giborim, Israel, as well as the Raymond and Miriam Klein Jewish Community Center in Northeast Philadelphia, which they founded in 1975.
Long time supporters and collectors of the arts, both fine and decorative, the core of the Kleins collection was thoughtfully and passionately collected over thirty years ago. As with their unflagging commitment to charitable causes, the Kleins generously shared their resplendent apartment and collection as a regular venue for fundraising parties and balls throughout their lives.
"Beaux-Arts: Sixième exposition des artistes 'indépendants,'" in Le petit parisien, 8 April 1881.
A. Wolff, Le Figaro, Paris, 10 April 1881.
H. Trianon, Le constitutionnel, 24 April 1881.
J.-K. Huysmans, "L'exposition des indépendants en 1881," in L'art moderne, Paris, 1883, pp. 245-246.
G. Doncieux, ed., "La peinture en 1884," in Controverse et le contemporain, revue mensuelle, May 1884, vol. 1, p. 502.
F. Fénéon, "Le salon," in La revue indépendante, June 1889, vol. 11, p. 366.
J.-F. Raffaëlli, "Culte de soi," Manuscripts and Documents of Jean-François Raffaëlli, The Getty Research Institute, 1893, n.p., no. 930076.
A. Alexandre, Jean-François Raffaëlli: peintre, graveur et sculpteur, Paris, 1909.
G. Coquiot, Gazette des beaux-arts, 1911, vol. 5, p. 137.
G. Lecomte, Raffaëlli, Paris, 1927, pl. 7 (illustrated).
J.-K. Huysmans, Oeuvres complètes, Paris, 1928-1929, vol. VI, p. 269.
Apollo, vol. LXXVII, April 1963, p. 339 (illustrated).
B.S. Fields, Jean-François Raffaëlli (1850-1924): The Naturalist Artist, Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, New York, 1979, pp. 180-185 and 325, no. 46 (illustrated, p. 435).
R. Thomson, "The Drinkers of Daumier, Raffaëlli, and Toulouse-Lautrec: Preliminary Observations on a Motif," in Oxford Art Journal, April 1979, vol. 2, pp. 29-33.
J. Isaacson, The Crisis of Impressionism, 1878-1882, Ann Arbor, 1980, p. 171, no. 45.
R. Rosenblum and H.W. Janson, 19th-Century Art, New York, 1984, pp. 367-370, 410, fig. 292 (illustrated, p. 370).
W.N. Arnold, Vincent van Gogh: Chemicals, Crises, and Creativity, Boston, 1992, p. 109.
J. Adams, Hideous Absinthe: a History of the Devil in a Bottle, Madison, 2004, p. 124.
M. Young, "Heroic Indolence: Realism and the Politics of Time in Raffaëlli's Absinthe Drinkers," in Art Bulletin, June 2008, vol. XC, no. 2, pp. 235-259 (illustrated in color).
L. Jansen, H. Luijten and N. Bakker, ed., Vincent van Gogh: The Letters, The Complete Illustrated and Annotated Edition, London, 2009, vol. 4, p. 448 (illustrated in color).
Paris, 35 boulevard de Capucines, 6me Exposition de peinture [Sixth Impressionist Group Exhibition], April-May 1881, p. 9, no. 91 (titled Les Déclassés).
Paris, avenue de l'Opera, Exposition des oeuvres de Jean-François Raffaëlli, March-April 1884, p. 13, no. 81.
Paris, Palais de l'Industrie, Salon, 1889, no. 2231.
Chicago, World Columbian Exposition, May-October 1893, p. 63, no. 2966.
Art Institute of Chicago, Jean-François Raffaëlli, 1895, no. 7.
Paris, Galerie Georges Petit, Raffaëlli, June 1909, no. 2.
Sarasota, Ringling Museum of Art, The Palmer Family Collection, 1963, no. 32 (illustrated, pl. 16).
Washington, D.C., The National Gallery of Art, The New Painting: Impressionism 1874-1886, January-April 1986, pp. 339 and 368, no. 112 (illustrated in color).