VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
Schnittjer; his sale, Parke Bernet, New York, 1943 (sold to Charles Gudtradt).
Anonymous sale; Christie's, New York, 22 May 1985, lot 167.
Anonymous sale; Sotheby's, London, 22 November 1988, lot 29.
Donald Munson Esq; his sale, Christie's, London, 4 May 1995, lot 74 (when acquired by the present owner).
E. Bénézit, Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, Paris, 1976, p. 690.
G. Ackerman, Jean-Léon Gérôme. Monographie et catalogue raisonné, Paris, 1992, p. 286, no. 469 (illustrated).
Paris, Salon, 1902, no. 706.