• Centuries of Style: Silver, Eu auction at Christies

    Sale 7800

    Centuries of Style: Silver, European Ceramics, Portrait Miniatures and Gold Boxes

    17 November 2009, London, King Street

  • Lot 85


    Price Realised  


    Auguste de Marmont, 1st Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852), in military uniform, blue coat, gold-embroidered collar, gold epaulettes, wearing a breast-star and two other orders, including the Legion of Honour, dark hair; sky background
    signed with initial and dated 'M. 1813.' (obscured by mount)
    on ivory
    oval, 1 11/16 in. (43 mm.) high, gilt-metal mount with foliate border

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    Auguste de Marmont, 1st Duke of Ragusa (1774-1852) was a French General and Marshal of France. He served Napoleon as aide-de-camp, general of brigade and inspector-general of artillery. In 1804 he was made grand officer of the Legion of Honour and Duke of Ragusa in 1808. He took part in numerous military campaigns and commanded the French army in the north of Spain until he was defeated by Wellington's troops in the battle of Salamanca when he was injured by shrapnel. After a brief recovery in France, he served Napoleon again in the 1813 campaigns in Lützen, Bautzen and Dresden. In 1814 Marmont made a deal with the Allied forces, thus weakening Napoleon's position in the Battle of Paris during which he was forced to abdicate.
    On the restoration of the Bourbons, Marmont was made a peer of France, major-general of the foot guard, a knight of the Order of St Esprit and grand officer of the Order of St Louis. He was never forgiven by his countrymen, however, and his name was styled as a verb meaning 'to betray'.
    In later life Marmont settled in Vienna where he was tutor to Napoleon's son, the Duke of Reichstadt. He died in 1852 in Vienna.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.
    Prospective purchasers are advised that several countries prohibit the importation of property containing materials from endangered species, including but not limited to coral, ivory and tortoiseshell. Accordingly, prospective purchasers should familiarize themselves with relevant customs regulations prior to bidding if they intend to import this lot into another country.


    Bernard Franck (1848-1924) Collection.
    Courtois Collection.


    N. Lemoine-Bouchard, Les Peintres en miniature actifs en France 1650-1850, Paris, 2008, illustrated in colour, p. 397 (as by Jean-Désiré Muneret).


    Montélimar, Musée de la Miniature, De la guerre en dentelles aux charges héroïques, 2006, no. 44 (as by Muneret), illustrated in colour p. 34.