VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
Van Saceghem, Ghent, by 1842; Le Roy, Brussels, 2-3 June 1851, lot 85.
Marquis de Saint-Clou, Paris.
Anonymous sale; Christie's, London, 13 December 1996, lot 9, where acquired by the present owner.
J. Smith, A Catalogue Raisonn..., etc., I, London, 1829, p. 347, no. 260.
C. Hofstede de Groot, A Catalogue Raisonné, etc., II, London, 1909, p. 319, no. 992.
B. Schumacher, Philips Wouwerman (1619-1668): The Horse Painter of the Golden Age, Doornspijk, 2006, I, p. 581, no. A465; II, colour pls. 74 and 74a, pl. 435.