The present picture is after Franz Xavier Winterhalter's Portrait of Louise, Princess of Great Britain & Ireland (1848-1939), later Duchess of Argyll in The Collection of Her Majesty The Queen (no.429). It was painted for Queen Victoria, who recorded sittings for it on 3rd May 1851. Winterhalter was paid £40 for the portrait, which was placed in the Antique Room at Buckingham Palace (VR Inv 399); moved to Windsor Castle in 1883 and hung in the Red Drawing Room; transferred into the Audience Room set into the frames originally containing Gainsborough's oval portraits of the Family of George III (Inv no 2075).
Queen Victoria's Portrait of Princess Louise is one of three portraits, after Winterhalter, that she painted in the Summer of 1851. The other two were painted soon after Winterhalter had 'done charming little heads of Clem's little girls' (Queen Victoria's Journal, 5th July, 1851) and are of Princess Clothilde and Princess Amalie of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. (The Collection of Her Majesty The Queen, no. 1052 and 1053).