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    Sale 2046

    Impressionist and Modern Art Day Sale

    6 November 2008, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 110

    Raoul Dufy (1877-1953)

    Le manoir du Vallon

    Price Realised  


    Raoul Dufy (1877-1953)
    Le manoir du Vallon
    signed and dated 'Raoul Dufy 1935' (lower left)
    oil on canvas
    13 x 32 3/8 in. (33 x 82.2 cm.)
    Painted in 1935

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    Dufy devoted approximately ten canvases to the theme of the Manoir du Vallon, a house in his native region of Normandy owned by Etienne-Jean Bignou, the artist's friend and his Paris dealer. Dufy visited Bignou's home from 1934-1937, during which time he painted the house from various angles, and scenes showing himself and his friend set in or around the house (Laffaille, no. 768).

    Like most of his paintings of the Manoir du Vallon, this version displays the house as seen from a three-quarter angle. The picturesque design of the Tudor-style house can be seen best from this viewpoint. The present painting stands out from the others in this series because of its striking horizontal format. This layout allowed the artist to offer a sweeping view of the surrounding orchard in full bloom. Dufy favored the idyllic panorama of the Normandy landscape because it evoked nature's abundance and beauty in all its essence.

    In his maturity, Dufy was preoccupied with the optical effects that could be achieved through his brushwork and use of color. In 1926, Dufy was in Honfleur and witnessed a little girl in a red dress running along a jetty. He noticed then that color remained on the retina longer than form. He considered that color and form could exist independently of each other in his paintings. He applied this idea at first to a painting of that very jetty, La Jetée à Honfleur, 1928 (Laffaille, no. 637, Musée d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris), and to various works thereafter. In the present work, one can detect sectional zones of color that underlie the areas of pictorial detail in the composition, particularly in the details of the trees on the left, that seem to be entirely separate from the forms drawn over them. The cursive brushwork in turn, by optical effect, seems to intensify the color that lies beneath it.


    Jean Metthey, Paris.
    French Art Galleries, Inc., New York.
    Alex and Rita K. Hillman, New York (acquired from the above, January 1952).
    Gift from the above to the present owner, October 1968.

    Pre-Lot Text

    Property from the Alex Hillman Family Foundation*


    M. Laffaille, Raoul Dufy, Catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre peint, Geneva, 1973, vol. II, p. 284, no. 769 (illustrated; illustrated again in color).
    E. Braun, et al., Manet to Matisse, The Hillman Family Collection, Seattle and London, 1994, p. 68, no. 15 (illustrated in color, p. 69; titled La Maison en Normandie).


    Paris, Gallery Kaganovitch, L'Oeuvres récentes de Raoul Dufy, June 1936, no. 26.
    San Francisco Museum of Art and Los Angeles County Museum, Raoul Dufy, 1877-1953, May-September 1954, p. 34, no. 55 (illustrated; titled House by the Sea).
    New York, Bronx Museum of the Arts, Paintings, Drawings, and Sculpture from the Alex Hillman Family Foundation, April-May 1972.
    Laramie, The University of Wyoming Art Center, The Hillman Collection, November 1972.
    Jacksonville Art Museum and Corpus Christi, Art Museum of South Texas, The Alex Hillman Collection, October 1973-January 1974, no. 5 (illustrated).
    Roslyn, Nassau County Museum of Fine Arts, Modern Masters: Paintings and Drawings from the Alex Hillman Family Foundation, December 1977-February 1978, no. 8 (illustrated).
    London, Arts Council of Great Britain, Hayward Gallery, Raoul Dufy, 1877-1953, November 1983-February 1984, p. 165, no. 113 (illustrated, p. 149).
    Phoenix, University of Arizona Museum of Art, Paintings and Drawings from the Alex Hillman Family Foundation, December 1991-May 1992.

    Post Lot Text

    *This lot may be exempt from sales tax as set forth in the Sales Tax Notice in the back of the catalogue.