VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
with Arthur Tooth and Sons, London, where purchased by J.L. Behrend in 1954.
Please note the following additional provenance for this lot:
Mr Eric Freefield, from whom purchased by the present owner in the 1970s.
K. Bell, Stanley Spencer A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings, London, 1992, pp. 504-5, no. 399, illustrated.
London, Leicester Galleries, The J.L. Behrend Collection, May 1962, no. 45, as 'Ming Ministers' Tombs'.