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    Sale 7550

    Important Portrait Miniatures and Gold Boxes

    9 December 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 1

    STANISLAW MARSZALKIEWICZ (POLISH, 1789-1872)

    General Count Fiodor Nesselrode (1786-1868) in dark green uniform with silver-embroidered red collar, silver epaulettes, wearing the Commander cross and breast-star of the Royal Prussian Order of the Red Eagle (2nd class), the breast-star of the Imperial Russian Order of St. Stanislas, the badges of the Imperial Russian Order of St. Vladimir, the Royal Swedish Order of the Sword (4th class) and the Imperial Russian medals for 15 Years of Faithful Military Service and for the Taking of Paris 1814; sky background

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    STANISLAW MARSZALKIEWICZ (POLISH, 1789-1872)
    General Count Fiodor Nesselrode (1786-1868) in dark green uniform with silver-embroidered red collar, silver epaulettes, wearing the Commander cross and breast-star of the Royal Prussian Order of the Red Eagle (2nd class), the breast-star of the Imperial Russian Order of St. Stanislas, the badges of the Imperial Russian Order of St. Vladimir, the Royal Swedish Order of the Sword (4th class) and the Imperial Russian medals for 15 Years of Faithful Military Service and for the Taking of Paris 1814; sky background
    signed 'Marszalkiewicz' (mid-right)
    on ivory
    oval, 4 13/16 in. (122 mm.) high, gilt-metal mount within rectangular lacquered metal frame


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    The hitherto unpublished identification as General Nesselrode could be established by comparison with another miniature by Marszalkiewicz of the same sitter, slightly later (dated 1840) and painted on paper, in the Nationalmuseum, Warsaw. The supporting miniature is illustrated in the exhibition catalogue Portrety Stanislawa Marszalkiewicza (1789-1872), Cracow, Nationalmuseum, 1968, no. 29, pl. 28.
    Count Fiodor Nesselrode (in Polish Fryderyk Karol Nesselrode, in German Friedrich Carl Reichsgraf von Nesselrode-Ereshoven) was born in St. Petersburg to the Russian diplomat Count Charles Francis Alexander Nesselrode and his wife Countess Josephine née Hatzfeldt-Wildenburg in 1789. General Nesselrode distinguished himself in the Napoleonic wars, eventually assuming the role of aide-de-camp to Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia in 1813. Nesselrode married Tekla Nalecz-Gorska (later known as Maria Kalergis) in 1822. His daughter, Marie (later Mukhanov), was born the same year. General Nesselrode's family life proved tempestuous, however, and he quickly divorced in 1823. As a result of the separation, Marie was raised in St. Petersburg by General Nesselrode's famous nephew Karl Robert Nesselrode, chancellor and minister of the Russian Empire's Foreign Affairs, who had four young children of his own. General Nesselrode was nominated Russian general of the brigade during the Polish November Uprising of 1830 and was arrested alongside other generals who were faithful to the Tsar. After the fall of the uprising, Nesselrode became Head of the Guards in the Kingdom of Poland and assumed the rank of Lieutenant General. In the years that followed, Nesselrode accrued a fortune by investing in real estate and the stock market. After retiring, General Nesselrode continued to live in Warsaw, where he eventually died in 1868.

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    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    Leo R. Schidlof (1886-1966) Collection, Vienna/London, by 1924.
    Christie's, London, 3 March 1993, lot 94.
    Bonhams, London, 5 November 2002, lot 112.


    Literature

    L. R. Schidlof, The Miniature in Europe, Graz, 1964, II, p. 535, illustrated IV, pl. 389, no. 793.


    Exhibited

    Vienna, Albertina, Internationale Miniaturenausstellung in der Albertina Wien, Vienna, 1924, no. 586 (lent by Leo R. Schidlof).
    Vienna, Albertina, Meisterwerke der europäischen Miniaturmalerei 1750-1850, 1965, no. 276.