This bust-length Madonna repeats the composition by Batoni recorded as being in a private collection in Forlì (see A. M. Clark, Pompeo Batoni, A complete catalogue of his works, New York, 1985, p. 223, no. 50). It was not uncommon for Batoni and his studio to produce replicas of his most popular compositions and those of other great masters: he made versions of portraits that he painted for Grand Tourists and was commissioned to make copies after Guido Reni, Raphael and Carracci. Though he was much in demand as a portrait painter, it was his religious and historical pictures that generally fetched higher prices (see E.P. Bowron and P.B. Kerber (eds.), Pompeo Batoni: Prince of Painters in Eighteenth-century Rome, London, 2007, pp. 173-175).