No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.
Acquired from the artist's family by the present owner.
E. Rudenko, Vikentii Trofimov. Zhivopis' i grafika, Moscow, Shishkin Gallery, 2007, p. 27, no. 8, illustrated.