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    Sale 7375

    The Genius of the German Renaissance: Prints by Albrecht Dürer

    4 December 2007, London, King Street

  • Lot 99

    Albrecht Dürer

    Knight, Death and the Devil (B. 98; M., Holl. 74; S.M.S. 69)

    Price Realised  

    Estimate On Request

    Albrecht Dürer
    Knight, Death and the Devil (B. 98; M., Holl. 74; S.M.S. 69)
    engraving, 1513, an exceptionally fine, early Meder a impression, warm and tonal, printing with burr in the dark areas, with a light diagonal scratch between the tower and the castle (not described by Meder) and faint wiping marks in the sky elsewhere, inky plate edges, on a large sheet of paper without watermark (as called for by Meder for earliest impressions), with 30 mm. to 70 mm. margins, a thin line of pale mount staining well outseide the platemark, otherwise in excellent condition
    P. 246 x 189 mm., S. 350 x 250 mm.


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    A knight in armour on his magnificent charger makes his way through a rocky gorge. It is a hostile environment with barren, broken trees, thorny shrubs and a human skull placed on a tree stump, as if in warning. Two figures stand by the wayside, as if emerging from the rocks; King Death with snakes winding through his crown, astride an old mare, holding an hourglass; and a monstrous devil standing on his hoofs, holding a pike.
    Countless attempts have been made to identify the central figure which Dürer simply referred to as der Reuther ('the rider'). Suggestions have included emperor, pope, heretic, Germanic hero and local patrician. None of the potential candidates, either historical or mythological, have been substantiated. The knight as robber baron - a genuine threat in the days of Dürer - is also lacking visual evidence. The precursors of Dürer's rider are the two great equestrian statues of the Italian 15th Century, Donatello's Gattamelata in Padua and Verrocchio's Colleoni in Venice, both of which Dürer had seen, and - much closer to home - the Rider of Bamberg Cathedral. Whatever his true identity - if 'identity' he has - Dürer's rider is clearly cast in the heroic mould, a model of courage and moral strength, the Christian Knight, who does not fear Death or the Devil.

    The present impression is one of the finest to come on the market for many years. It is a prime example of an early impression as described by Joseph Meder, who observed that in this engraving Dürer did not always strive for strong contrast, but rather for more subtle, tonal and atmospheric effects. He describes the earliest impressions as schwarz oder bräunlich, kräftig, mit Grat im Hintergrund, auch tonig, Kontraste weniger beabsichtigt. ('Black or brownish, strong, burr in the background, occassionally with tone. Less attention given to contrast.')

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    Kunsthalle Hamburg (L. 1328), with their duplicate stamp (L. 686).
    S. Jancsy (L. 1529 d).
    With P. & D. Colnaghi & Co., London.