• Prints & Multiples auction at Christies

    Sale 11966

    Prints & Multiples

    21 September 2016, London, King Street

  • Lot 53

    Ben Nicholson (1894-1982)

    Profile

    Price Realised  

    Ben Nicholson (1894-1982)
    Profile
    linocut, 1933, on thin wove paper laid onto a card support, a unique trial proof of this very rare print, signed, dated and dedicated for Dr. Honeyman in black ink, trimmed to the image at left and right, a narrow margin above and a wider margin below, a repair at the lower left corner, some other, minor defects elsewhere, the subject generally in good condition
    Image 434 x 450 mm., Sheet 468 mm. x 450 mm.


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    This unique trial proof shows a sequence of profiles, cut from a frieze, whereby the central image is flanked by overlapping parts of the same profile on either side. Jeremy Lewison cites the present impression, dedicated to Dr. Honeyman, in his article and catalogue of Nicholson's early prints and suggests that it was probably created as an experiment for a fabric design.

    Thomas J. Honeyman (1891-1971), who was later appointed director of the Glasgow Art Gallery, was an enthusiast of both Nicholson and Picasso. He organised his first exhibition, Thirty Years of Picasso, in 1930 in London, before becoming a director of Reid & Lefevre in 1932. The year this linocut was made, in 1933, Nicholson and Barbara Hepworth had their first joint exhibition at this gallery, showing, among other works, six fabric designs between them.

    Nicholson was very critical of his own creative output, destroying many of his prints and correspondence in an attempt to retrospectively edit his life’s work. As a result, we know very little about his early linocuts and his thoughts around them. As to this particular subject, Profile, Lewison records 12 impressions, three of which can be seen in a photograph of Nicholson's studio taken by Barbara Hepworth in 1933.

    The variations in density and texture, which can be achieved in linocut, appealed to Nicholson, who inked his own plates in order to create essentially unique impressions. The technique of linocut is a method of block printing first used by the German Expressionists in the early years of the 20th century. It is however more likely that Nicholson was introduced to the technique by Claude Flight, the founder of the Grosvenor School of Art. Flight, Nicholson and Hepworth were all members of the Seven and Five Society, a group of seven artists and five sculptors. Hepworth had a significant influence on Nicholson's style, technique and subject matter, and the present linocut is, as Lewison believes, based on Hepworth's profile - one of only three known portrait prints by Nicholson.

    Special Notice

    Artist's Resale Right ("Droit de Suite"). Artist's Resale Right Regulations 2006 apply to this lot, the buyer agrees to pay us an amount equal to the resale royalty provided for in those Regulations, and we undertake to the buyer to pay such amount to the artist's collection agent.


    Provenance

    Dr. Thomas J. Honeyman, Glasgow (1891-1971), presumably a gift from the artist; sold Christie's, London, 6 December 1973, lot 230 (350 gns).
    Acquired at the above sale by the present owner.


    Saleroom Notice

    Please note the provenance for this lot is:

    Dr. Thomas J. Honeyman, Glasgow (1891-1971), presumably a gift from the artist; sold Christie's, London, 6 December 1973, lot 230 (350 gns).
    Acquired at the above sale by the present owner.


    Pre-Lot Text

    VARIOUS PROPERTIES


    Literature

    Cristea 9; Lewison 9

    Jeremy Lewison, The Early Prints of Ben Nicholson, in: Print Quarterly, June 1985, Vol. II, No. 2, p. 105-124 (the present impression cited as no. 9 c).