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    Sale 7586

    West ~ East - The Niall Hobhouse Collection

    22 May 2008, London, King Street

  • Lot 167

    A LOUIS XIV SAVONNERIE CARPET FRAGMENT

    FRANCE, CIRCA 1677

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A LOUIS XIV SAVONNERIE CARPET FRAGMENT
    FRANCE, CIRCA 1677
    The sky blue field with a fruit and flower filled cornucopia entwined with a twisted serpent and pale pink ribbon beneath a radiating sun, all contained within an architecturally moulded frame with floral escutchons surrounded by pale blue ribbon and pastel-coloured scrolling acanthus leaves, localised moth damage, small spots of wear and repair, backed and framed
    4 ft. 3 in. x 3 ft. 5 in. (130 cm. x 104 cm.)


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    The Savonnerie carpet offered here represents the flourishing of the woven arts in the 17th Century France and the unabashed, bold and powerful reign of Louis XIV. When Louis XIV ascended the throne in 1661, it was decided with his chief minister, Jean Baptiste Colbert, that a refurbishment of the Louvre was necessary to make a statement to the world manifesting the power of the King and the State. One aspect of this huge redecoration plan was to furnish the Galerie d'Apollon and the Galerie du Bord de l'eau, otherwise known as the Grande Galerie, with carpets of a calibre not yet executed in France. Both the Dupont and Lourdet families who had establised competitive workshops worked together and built new special looms on which a carpet could be woven lengthwise, whereby the looms were as large as the length of the carpet thus allowing more weavers to sit side by side and weave simultaneously, speeding the process and promoting the local industries (S. Sherill, Carpets and Rugs of Europe and America, New York, 1966, p.69.).
    The first carpets executed for the renovation were thirteen carpets for the Galerie d'Apollon which were considered a trial run for the ninety-three carpets needed to cover the entire Grande Gallerie which at 1,460 feet by 32 feet was an intimidating project. Work began in both the Lourdet and the Dupont factories in 1667 after the last carpet for the Galerie d'Apollon was delivered. The weaving of the commission took approximately two years to complete, with carpets being delivered between the years of 1668 and 1669. From production and delivery records kept by Dupont, we know today that he was responsible for thirty-two of the Grande Galerie carpets and the Lourdet workshops for the remaining sixty (P.Verlet, 'The James A. de Rothschild collection at Waddesdon Manor', The Savonnerie, London, 1982, p. 179, notes 24-41).
    Sadly, this magnificent suite of carpets was never installed in situ, as Louis XIV lost interest in the restoration of the Louvre and moved his court to Versailles in 1678. The importance of the Grande Galerie carpets, however, was neither forgotten by Louis XIV nor lost on his immediate descendants. For the seventy-eight years following Louis XIV's death, the carpets were stored virtually intact by the Grande Meuble. Occasionally, Louis XV and Louis XVI used some of the carpets from the series for ceremonies or events, underscoring the high respect with which they were regarded. Unfortunately, following the revolution of the Directoire, many of the carpets were dispersed and neglected, with many of the ninety-three carpets cut down to fit less palatial spaces.

    The artistic vocabulary found in the present lot reflects that which was found in the carpets of the Galerie d'Apollon. It is extremely difficult to determine which carpet in the series this fragment is taken from although it is remarkably similar to one of the first carpets woven in the series which was to be placed in the middle of the gallery under the bay of the vault which was later painted by Delacroix in 1849. Both the present fragment and that carpet employed the Royal emblem of the crowned radiating sun although the majority of the crown above the present example is missing, P.Verlet, op. cit, London, 1982, p. 182-3, fig.114.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    Ordered by Louis XIV to furnish the Grande Galerie au bord de l'eau at the Louvre.
    Francesca Galloway.
    Daniel Katz.