The small pattern Holbein design is named after the artist Hans Holbein the Younger, with a similar rug appearing in his Portrait of George Gisze of 1532. The appearance of these carpets in contemporary paintings supports the dating of the Small Pattern Holbein group from between 1451 and 1655, although the majority appear between 1450 and 1550.
A Small Pattern Holbein rug with a similar border was sold in the Christopher Alexander Collection sale, Christie’s London, 15 October 1998, lot 208.
An exhaustive list of 70 known rugs and fragments of the Small Pattern Holbein group was collated by Charles Grant Ellis in 1985. Of this list, excluding the numerous pieces, mostly fragmentary, in the Kier collection, all but 13 are held either in museums or in other institutions or churches.