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    Sale 2168

    Post War and Contemporary Art Morning Session

    14 May 2009, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 171

    Alexander Calder (1898-1976)

    Long Necked

    Price Realised  


    Alexander Calder (1898-1976)
    Long Necked
    signed with the artist's monogram 'CA' (on the base)
    standing mobile--painted sheet metal and wire
    5¾ x 14 x 5½ in. (14.6 x 35.5 x 13.9 cm.)
    Executed in 1964.

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    This work is registered in the archives of the Calder Foundation, New York, under application number A08073.


    Perls Galleries, New York
    Rosalie A. Levy, Chicago
    Estate of Robert C. Levy, Chicago
    Phyllis Hattis Fine Arts, New York
    Acquired from the above by the previous owner, 1997
    By descent to the present owner

    Pre-Lot Text

    Property from the Collection of Caral Gimbel Lebworth

    Caral Gimbel Lebworth's two great passions were equestrianism and the arts, both of which came to early fruition during her teenage years in the early 1930's. It was then that she began to ride competitively, an activity that she would continue for more than a decade and which would involve numerous international events and riding at Madison Square Garden. And it was also at that time, in 1930, that Caral dropped out of high school in order to move to Paris and study art. Caral gave up the brush and easel within a relatively short time, but her love of art was kindled. During her time in Paris, she had the chance to meet some of the great artists of the period including Pablo Picasso, fuelling a passion for art that would remain one of the defining character traits for the rest of her life.

    Caral was the daughter of Bernard and Alva Gimbel. Her illustrious father was Chairman of the Board and the driving force behind the growth of Gimbel Brothers, Inc., which included the famous department store of the same name. Under Bernard's stewardship, Gimbels evolved into the largest department store company in the world for much of the 20th Century, comprising both Gimbels and Saks Fifth Avenue. Under Bernard's leadership, Saks flourished after its acquisition by Gimbels, from only two branches to becoming the celebrated institution that it remains today. While Gimbels has not existed as a department store since 1986, its fame is reflected in the fact that its rivalry with Macy's, immortalised in the movie Miracle on 34th Street, entered common parlance with the phrase, 'Would Macy's tell Gimbels?' (In a tribute to that older film, Gimbels was recently resuscitated fictitiously as the setting for the 2003 comedy Elf.) In Philadelphia, the company founded the longest-running Thanksgiving Parade in the United States, which continues albeit under different sponsorship, and was mentioned time and again in the popular series I Love Lucy. Looking at Caral Gimbel Lebworth's collection, it seems appropriate that Gimbels was also the site for the disposal of the art and antiques of legendary media mogul William Randolph Hearst.

    Caral was married first to Edward Lasker. In 1946, she married baseball star and Hall-of-Famer Hank Greenberg, with whom she had three children. They spent ten years in Cleveland, where Hank was part owner and General Manager of the Cleveland Indians. Following their divorce in 1959, Caral returned to New York, where she married Joseph Lebworth; Caral and Joe spent the next 46 years together where they enjoyed a life which was noted for their long list of friends and their unwavering support of the arts. Joe passed away in May 2008, four months before Caral's death.

    During her time in New York, Caral's patronage and philanthropy resulted in a string of eminent friends and guests from the art world from William Rubin to Andy Warhol, Leo Castelli to Christo and Jeanne-Claude. Her purchase of two paintings by Diego Rivera resulted in her visiting the artist's studio and having her portrait painted by him. She acquired works by a range of artists that included, but was far from limited to, Calder, Corot and Courbet, Matta, Miró and Matisse. Meanwhile, when she bought a home at Castellaras in the South of France in 1967, she began friendships with many of the artists who had homes in the vicinity, from Arman and Pierre Lesieur to Louis LeBroquy and his wife Anne Madden. However, her friendships were not limited to artists, curators and dealers: she also attended Elizabeth Taylor's 1957 wedding to Michael Todd in Acapulco.

    As well as acting as a patron to several artists during her lifetime, Caral was an active board member for Independent Curators International and Plays for Living, while also supporting institutions such as the Metropolitan Museum, the Guggenheim, the Whitney and the Museum of Modern Art, for which she was a long-standing member of the International Council.