• Christies auction house James Christie logo

    Sale 12165

    American Art

    22 November 2016, New York, Rockefeller Plaza

  • Lot 77

    Gaston Lachaise (1882-1935)

    The Peacocks [LF 315/LF 198]

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    Gaston Lachaise (1882-1935)
    The Peacocks [LF 315/LF 198]
    inscribed 'G. LACHAISE/© 1922' and 'ROMAN BRONZE WORKS N-Y-' (on the base)
    parcel-gilt bronze
    22 3/8 in. (56.8 cm.) high on a ½ in. (1.3 cm.) black marble base; 56 ½ in. (143.5 cm.) long
    Modeled in 1918; cast circa 1923-29.


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    We are grateful to Virginia Budny, author of the forthcoming catalogue raisonné sponsored by the Lachaise Foundation, for her assistance in preparing the catalogue entry for this work.


    Gaston Lachaise’s resplendent sculpture of three peacocks both expresses his vision of those magnificent birds as manifestations of fundamental force, and displays his profound empathy for all wild creatures. The work’s plaster model, created in 1918, was first presented at the Bourgeois Galleries, New York, in February-March 1918, and reproduced in the following year (Vanity Fair, vol. 12, no. 2, April 1919, p. 25). The initial bronze cast was made in June 1922, the same month in which the sculptor obtained a copyright for the work. Thirteen additional casts were made between 1923 and 1929, including the present example. All of these casts were sold by Lachaise to John Kraushaar, director of the C.W. Kraushaar Galleries, New York, and no other examples were ever made. The model, last mentioned in 1932, is lost. Six of the casts are now in public collections: the Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.; the Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Newark Museum, Newark, New Jersey; the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Two of the fourteen casts are presently unlocated. The Peacocks has been given the identification number LF 315/LF 198 by the Lachaise Foundation, New York.

    Provenance

    The artist.
    C.W. Kraushaar Galleries, New York, acquired from the above, by 1929.
    Private Collection, New York, acquired from the above.
    Kraushaar Galleries, New York, acquired from the above.
    Ambrose Associates, Los Angeles, California, acquired from the above, 1994.
    Private collection, California, acquired from the above.
    Gerald Peters Gallery, New York, acquired from the above, 2008.
    Acquired by the present owner from the above.


    Literature

    C.W. Kraushaar Art Galleries, An Important Collection of Paintings and Bronzes by Modern Masters of American and European Art, exhibition catalogue, New York, 1922, n.p., another example listed.
    A.E. Gallatin, Gaston Lachaise, New York, 1924, pp. 13, 51, pl. 14, an unidentified example illustrated.
    D.B. Goodall, "Gaston Lachaise: Sculptor," PhD dissertation, Harvard University, 1969, vol. 1, pp. 187, 397-400, 416n116, 530, 560n158, 161; vol. 2, pp. 137-38, 485-86, pl. LXIII, another example illustrated.
    Arts and Crafts in Detroit, exhibition catalogue, Detroit, Michigan, 1977, pp. 100-01, no. 86, another example illustrated.
    American Art in the Newark Museum: Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, Newark, New Jersey, 1981, pp. 259, 412, another example illustrated.
    Hirschl & Adler Galleries, Inc., Carved and Modeled: American Sculpture 1810-1940, exhibition catalogue, New York, 1982, p. 86, another example illustrated.
    Phillips Collection, The Phillips Collection: A Summary Catalogue, Washington, D.C., 1985, p. 130, no. 1009, another example illustrated.
    Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, American Art from the Collection of Vivian and Meyer P. Potamkin, exhibition catalogue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1989, p. 5, 11, another example illustrated.
    S. Hunter, Lachaise, New York, 1993, pp. 70-73, 242, another example illustrated.
    S. James-Gadzinski, M.M. Cunningham, American Sculpture in the Museum of American Art of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1997, pp. 204-05, another example illustrated.
    J.M. Marter, American Sculpture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. II, New York, 2001, p. 671, no. 311, another example illustrated.
    J.D. Burke, et al., St. Louis: Painting, Sculpture, the Decorative Arts (The Saligman Collection), Portland, Oregon, 2012, pp. 84-85, 90-91, 202, 219, another example illustrated.
    Bernard Goldberg Fine Arts, LLC, Gaston Lachaise: For the Love of Woman, exhibition catalogue, New York, 2016, pp. 6-7, 13n19, 32-33, fig. 11, another example illustrated.


    Exhibited

    New York, Seventh Regiment Armory, The Art Show, February 24-28, 1994.
    New York, Gerald Peters Gallery, Gaston Lachaise: A Modern Epic Vision, November 15-December 21, 2012, pl. 46, illustrated.