• Christies auction house James Christie logo

    Sale 7665

    International Modern and Contemporary Art

    30 April 2008, Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel

  • Lot 77

    Parviz Tanavoli (Iranian, b. 1937)

    Standing Poet

    Price Realised  


    Parviz Tanavoli (Iranian, b. 1937)
    Standing Poet
    signed 'Parviz.05' (on the base)
    41½in. high x 12 3/8in. wide x 12 3/8in. wide (108cm. high x 31cm. wide x 31cm. deep)
    Executed in 2005, this work is unique

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    Poets and Prophets have been among the main themes of Tanavoli's works since the early 1960s. Referring to Persian mysticism, the poet is considered as a symbol of the pious Muslim as well as the Sufi. All of the celebrated Persian poets such as Rumi, Hafiz, Omar Khayyam and Saadi were great exponents of Sufism and mysticism in which the love for human being stands for the love for God and the beloved is indeed God himself. Thus, both the poem and the sculpture can express the presence of God through the same means of symbol and metaphor.

    In Persian poetry the emphasis is on subjective interpretation of reality rather than its external manifestations, and consequently treats real objects not so much as entities in themselves, but as abstract ideas. Hence, the Persian poet is not interested in individual traits, but instead ideal types. These types embrace a wide range: the Lover, the Beloved, the King, the Prophet and finally, the Poet, the subject of Tanavoli's sculpture.

    Lyrical Persian poetry features some general characteristics that help to explain the essential qualities of Tanavoli's sculptures. One underlying aspect is the idea of concealment and revelation at the same time which emerges not only in poetry, but also in other dimensions of Persian culture, most notably in architecture. By creating his sculptures and thus disclosing his inner world, Tanavoli reveals his emotion and ideas, and at the same time hides these revelations behind the veil of abstraction. In a wider scope, the Islamic practice of abstraction often manifests itself through the process of veiling and concealing. What makes the abstract, veiled art object still accessible to the viewer is the fact that it offers glimpses into its emotions by its mere presence, just as a poem encourages the viewer to seek for emotion behind abstract words.
    Developing the concept of abstraction through veiling, Tanavoli reduces elements to simple geometric forms that give few clues to the viewer. Although many of Tanavoli's bronzes depict human figures, as we can gather from both their statuary forms and their titles in works such as Prophet in Love (1962), Poet with the Symbol of Freedom (1962), Poet in Love (1962) and more recent works, such as this one, Standing Poet, he obliterates distinctive facial features, poses or hand gestures, all of which carry the expression of sentiment.

    Works from Poet series are part of collections in such institutions as the Museum of Modern Art, New York, the Grey Art Gallery, New York University, the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, and the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis.