Baume & Cie. was founded in 1834 in Les Bois by Louis Victor and Pierre Joseph Célestin Baume as "Baume Frères". The firm specialized in the production of English-style watches and contributed to the development of watchmaking in Le Bois.
In 1844 Baume Frères opened a branch in London, first under the name of Baume Brothers and then Baume & Co. The firm participated at various exhibitions and won numerous awards. They also became the marketing agent for Longines in England.