Muhammad Ali (1769-1849), was a viceroy of Egypt, and is sometimes considered the founder of modern Egypt. Born in Kavala he was appointed Ottoman governor (Wali) of Egypt in 1805. During his reign Muhammad Ali Pasha introduced significant social reforms, including the creation of modern educational institutions.
Alexander Galloway (1776-1847), radical and engineer, was by the mid 1820s one of London's largest employers. He had an active role in the burgeoning radical reform movement. His son Thomas Galloway was employed as a civil engineer by Muhammad Ali in Egypt and played an important role in the development of the Egyptian railroad system.