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    Sale 1348

    Important Pocket Watches and Wristwatches

    12 November 2007, Geneva

  • Lot 254

    Marcks & Co. An unusual and rare nielloed silver and gold hunter case two train 8-day full calendar keyless lever watch with phases of the moon and Paillard patent palladium spring

    SIGNED MARCKS & CO. LTD., BOMBAY & POONA, NO. 38035, CIRCA 1900

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    Marcks & Co. An unusual and rare nielloed silver and gold hunter case two train 8-day full calendar keyless lever watch with phases of the moon and Paillard patent palladium spring
    Signed Marcks & Co. Ltd., Bombay & Poona, No. 38035, circa 1900
    With gilt-finished fully jewelled two train eight-days keyless lever movement, bimetallic compensation balance with Paillard's patented palladium spring, glazed dust cover, silver cuvette with engraved floral decoration, the white enamel dial with Roman numerals, blued steel spade hands, four subsidiary dials indicating date, day, month and phases of the moon combined with lunar calendar and constant seconds, in plain circular nielloed silver case with gold lip to the back, gold hinges, crown and bow, case stamped and numbered, cuvette numbered, dial and movement signed
    56 mm. diam.


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    According to the inscription on the movement of the present watch, it is fitted with Paillard's patented palladium spring. Charles Auguste Paillard (1840-1895), born in La Chaux-de-Fonds, followed in his parents' footsteps (his father was an adjuster and his mother made hairsprings) by becoming a watchmaker, specializing in the repair of marine chronometers.

    In 1862 Paillard settled as an adjuster in Geneva and continued his experiments with palladium hairsprings until inventing a non-magnetic hairspring in 1877. The same year he presented two watches with palladium hairsprings at the Geneva Observatory Timing Contest and both received First Class rating certificates. In 1881 Paillard was awarded a gold medal by the Geneva Society of Arts for his inventions and as of the following year, Swiss chronometer makers used his palladium alloy for making non-magnetic, rust-free hairsprings.

    Around 1885 Paillard completed his invention with a non-magnetic compensation balance.

    Marcks & Co., Bombay & Poona, were specialized in the retail of fine timepieces made for the Indian Market, usually featuring Swiss movements with every conceivable complication.