This copies a European glass form and was probably made for the Dutch market. There is an almost identical cruet in the Collection formed by Augustus the Strong in the Dresden Porcelain Collection, illustrated by Ulrich Pietsch, Meissener Porzellan und Seine Ostasiatischen Vorbilder, 1996, plate 34 (left), together with a Meissen version (right). Another is in the Princessehof Museum, Leeuwarden, illustrated by D. F. Lunsingh Scheurleer, Chinese Export Porcelain - Chine de Commande, London, 1974, fig. 124. A variation on this form, with the necks twisted in the opposite direction, the bodies spirally fluted and the feet of hexafoil form may be found in other museum collections: in the Rijksmuseum, illustrated by C.J.A. Jörg, Chinese Ceramics in the Collection of the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1997, no. 293, p. 257; in the Royal Museums of Art and History, Brussels, exhibited Chinese Export Porcelain, Hong Kong, 30 November 1989 - 27 February 1990, Catalogue no. 2, p. 50; and in the Chicago Art Institute (Archives of Asian Art XXVIII, 1974-75, p. 115. Another example of the fluted variety from the Mottahedeh Collection is illustrated by Howard and Ayers, China for the West, London and New York, 1978, vol. I, no. 14, p. 59.