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    Sale 12241

    Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds

    20 October 2016, London, King Street

  • Lot 46

    A FINE SAFAVID BRASS ASTROLABE

    SIGNED MUHAMMAD MEHDI AL-YAZDI, IRAN, CIRCA 1660

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A FINE SAFAVID BRASS ASTROLABE
    SIGNED MUHAMMAD MEHDI AL-YAZDI, IRAN, CIRCA 1660
    The brass mater with throne decorated with calligraphic cartouche, suspension shackle above, the reverse with possibly added compass, the rim graduated 0-360° by 1° with larger markings every 5°, with six plates elegantly engraved on both sides each bearing stereographic projections except for one marked with hours for prayer and another with markings for the zodiac, all with inscriptions in elegant naskh and nasta'liq occasionally on ground of elegant scrolling vine, altitude circles every six degrees, azimuth arcs every ten degrees, the rete with 31 named star pointers, the reverse of the mater with shadow square and projection for unequal hours and a quadrant with further projections, the probably original graduated alidade with two holed sighting vanes, the edge with further elegantly engraved naskh inscription, with brown rope cord attached
    4¾in. (12.1cm.) high (excluding shackle); 3 5/8in. (9.3cm.) diam.


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    The six plates are engraved with stereographic projections for latitudes 24°, 30°, 37°, 29°, 35°, 42°, 33°, 32°, 22° and 36°, where 32° would be for Isfahan and 22° for Mecca.

    This finely engraved astrolabe very closely resembles another signed by the same maker, dated to circa 1660, now in the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford (inv.46886; http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/collections/imu-search-page/record-details/?TitInventoryNo=46886=field=on=1665). The position and the wording of the signature are identical on both astrolabes. The retes with their elegant cusped arabesque pointers and the calligraphy on the plates are remarkably similar. J.A.Billmeir, a renowned collector of scientific instruments, wrote of another astrolabe signed by Muhammad Mehdi ‘in spite of the most elaborate ornamentation the mathematical accuracy of the engraving is unimpaired(Scientific Instruments (13th-19th Century): The Collection of J. A. Billmeir Esq., Frank Patridge & Sons, London, 1954, no.5, p.11). The same could imply to this instrument, and to that offered as lot 53 in this sale - another example of the work of this illustrious maker.

    The Oxford astrolabe has a very similar compass inserted into the throne which again looks to have been made by the same hand as the one found on our astrolabe. Whilst the compass on our astrolabe is set with an engraved border suggesting that it was part of the original design of the throne, the Oxford one looks to be less in harmony with its decorative surroundings. During the 17th century however there was a fashion in Iran for incorporating foreign instruments into astrolabes. It is therefore possible that the compass in our astrolabe was in fact inserted in Iran at the time of manufacture. Another distinct similarity between our astrolabe and that in Oxford is that both have identical brown ropes attached. It is possible that the ropes were added in the workshop where both astrolabes were produced. It is also possible that the rope was added later when the astrolabes had arrived in Europe, and thus that they were sold to the same original owner after their production. The Oxford astrolabe is recorded as having come from the collection of M. Chadenat, who added it to his collection of scientific instruments sometime before the middle of the 20th century. It then passed into the Billmeir Collection, from whence it was donated to the Museum in Oxford. It is possible that our astrolabe at one stage passed through the hands of one or both of these collectors. Another astrolabe signed by Muhammad Mehdi al-Yazdi which is dated AH 1070/1659-60 AD and also has a compass inserted into the throne, is in the collection of the Royal Museums Greenwich (inv.AST0594, http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/10756.html). A further astrolabe signed by the same maker but with a later associated rete was sold at Sotheby’s London, 6 October 2010, lot 150.

    Saleroom Notice

    Please note that the Gulf Cooperation Council has imposed a ban on the importation of Iranian goods to or via its member states.  Some of the member states are enforcing the ban strictly such as Saudi Arabia.  Please check with your shippers on whether you will be able to ship Iranian artworks to the GCC member states.