VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
First: William Mayer Collection. C.T. Loo, New York. Frank Caro, New York, 1960; Second: Possibly J.T. Tai & Co., New York, prior to 1978; Third: Acquired prior to 1978; Fourth: Possibly J.T. Tai & Co., New York, prior to 1978; Fifth: Dagny Carter Collection, USA, 1960; Sixth and Seventh: Possibly J.T. Tai & Co., New York, prior to 1978; Eighth: Acquired prior to 1978.
First, Fifth,Seventh and Eighth: Bunker, Emma C.; Kawami, Trudy S.; with Linduff, Katheryn M.; Ancient Bronzes of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, New York, 1997; cat. no. 132.1, 133, F8 and 227.
First, Second, Sixth, Seventh: Samolin, William; Drew, Isabella M.; Eurasian Animal Style Plaques I., Monumenta Serica XXIV, 1965; pl. 14A, 14B, possibly 15D; and 16A.
Fifth: Carter, Dagny; Four Thousand Years of China's Art, New York, 1948; p. 100.
Carter, Dagny; The Symbol of the Beast, New York, 1957; p. 98, pl. 22a.