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First: William Mayer Collection. C.T. Loo, New York. Frank Caro, New York, 1960; Second to Fourth: Acquired prior to 1978; Fifth: Dagny Carter Collection, USA, 1960.
First: Carter, Dagny, China Magnificent: Five Thousand Years of Chinese Art, New York, 1935, p. 33.
First, Fourth and Fifth: Bunker, Emma C.; Kawami, Trudy S.; with Linduff, Katheryn M.; Ancient Bronzes of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, New York, 1997; cat. no. 144.1, 203, 202.
Fourth: J.G. Andersson, "Selected Ordos Bronzes," Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities 5, 1933, pl. VIII:3. Samolin, William; Drew, Isabella, M.; Eurasian Animal Style Plaques I. Monumenta Serica XXIV, 1965; pl. 4:A.
Zheng Shaozang; Luelun Zhongguo Beibu Changcheng Didai Faxian de Dongwu win Qingtong Shipai. Wenwu chunqiu, 1991; p. 9, no. 33.
Fifth: Carter, Dagny: Four Thousand Years of China's Art, New York, 1948; p. 101a.
Fifth: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, 1987.