VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
First and Second: Acquired prior to 1978; Third and Fourth: Walther Dietrick Hoops Collection, Germany, 1968; Fifth: Acquired prior to 1978; Sixth: William Mayer Collection. C.T. Loo, New York. Frank Caro, New York, 1960; Seventh to Ninth: Acquired prior to 1978.
Third, Fourth, Sixth: Bunker, Emma C.; Kawami, Trudy S.; with Linduff, Katheryn M.; Ancient Bronzes of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, New York, 1997; pp. 107-108 and cat. no. 97.1, p. 181.