This waterfront view of the Western enclave at Canton became a revered scene for China traders. First found on magnificent punchbowls in about 1760, by about 1780 the design had developed into a continuous scene, as in the present example. K.I. Choi has demonstrated the development of the design and the Chinese painter's strategem for transferring a flat panorama to a circular surface (The Magazine Antiques, October 1999.) An example of the present type in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, formerly in the W. Martin-Hurst Collection, is illustrated by C. Le Corbeiller, China Trade Porcelain: Patterns of Exchange, 1974, no.49; and another, from the Mottahedeh Collection, is illustrated by D. Howard and J. Ayers, op. cit., vol. I, p. 209.