The technique of enamelling onto gold in India has its origins in the opulent Mughal court of the 17th century. This technique gives the enamelled colours a brilliant and rich glow. An early example of enamelling on gold can be found in the Hermitage (inv. V3-726; Mark Zebrowski, Gold, Silver and Bronze from Mughal India, London, 1997, no. 52, p. 71). The intricate figural decoration on our present vessel suggests a later date of production however. The lid is decorated with eleven male deities; its reverse with the Zodiac around a rare diagram of the solar system. The sides of the bowl are decorated with the personification of the seven planets, above a register with lively scenes from an epic. The impressive floral composition on the underside is an excellent example of the technical mastery achieved by Rajasthani goldsmiths. A number of preparatory drawings from Jaipur showing related figural decoration are in the Victoria and Albert Museum and dated to the second half of the 19th century (IS.26-1992 and IS.194-1952). See also S.S. Jacob & T.H. Hendley, Jeypore Enamels, New Delhi, 2008, pl.8 and 9 which illustrate designs from the mid-1880s. Jewellery with Hindu iconography is rare but not unknown as seen for instance on a necklace decorated with Vishnu’s footprint and offered at Christie’s, London, 10 June 2015, lot 48. A gold box with figural enamelled decoration and a cup and saucer, both from Jaipur and related to the present piece, sold at Christie’s, London, 10 April 2014, lot 165 and 157.