• Galerie Popoff: An Enduring Pa auction at Christies

    Sale 7677

    Galerie Popoff: An Enduring Passion for Russian Art

    12 - 13 October 2009, London, King Street

  • Lot 178

    A large porcelain platter, a plate and a jug from the St Andrew service

    BY THE MEISSEN PORCELAIN FACTORY, 1745

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A large porcelain platter, a plate and a jug from the St Andrew service
    by the Meissen Porcelain Factory, 1745
    Moulded with Gotzkowski 'Erhabene Blumen', all with gilt borders, the two circular plates with scalloped rims, painted with a flower cluster, with further vari-coloured flowers on two sides of the shaped rim and the Imperial double-headed eagle and the cross of the Order of St Andrew on two others, with similarly decorated pear-shaped hot chocolate pot, on circular moulded foot with moulded rocaille and scroll decoration, with a spout shaped as a woman's head and scroll foliate handle, marked under bases with blue underglaze crossed swords
    The platter 12 7/8 in. (32.8 cm.) diameter; the plate 9 5/8 in. (24.5 cm.) diameter; the jug 6 1/8 in. (15.5 cm.) high (3)


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    The St Andrew Service was commissioned by the Elector of Saxony and the King of Poland, Augustus III, as a gift to Empress Elizabeth to mark the marriage of her nephew, Grand Duke Peter Feodorovich, to Princess Sophia-Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst (later known as Catherine II).

    The St Andrew Service was the first full Russian dinner service to fulfill all the requirements of European table etiquette. It was among the first official services produced in Europe, preceded only by the Meissen Coronation Service produced for Augustus III, a service produced for Russian Field Marshal Minikh, the Swan Service produced for Vice-Chancellor Count von Brühl and the service produced for Gotzkowsky, the king's favourite. The relief floral decoration of the Gotzkowsky Service is replicated in the St Andrew Service and the shape of the candle-stands was inspired by the Swan Service. The St Andrew Service was designed by Johann Joachim Kändler, J. G. Eder and Johann Friedrich Eberlein. It consisted of over 4,000 pieces including dinner and dessert plates, tea, coffee and chocolate sets, candelabra and a magnificent centrepiece featuring more than 200 figurines.

    The Imperial status of the gift is emphasised by the presence of the heraldic state symbols - the Imperial double-headed eagle, the mirror cypher of Peter the Great on the coffee and chocolate sets and the St Andrew Cross, the highest order of the Russian Empire. The service was used during the official annual gala banquets for the St Andrew's cavaliers.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Literature

    N. B. Rotitein, 'Service of the Order of Saint Andrew First Called', The Old Times [Staryie Gody], May 1912, pp. 58-59.
    N. I. Kozakevich, Western European Porcelain in the Hermitage: The
    History of the Collection
    , St Petersburg, 2003, pp. 42-47.
    asterpieces of 18th c..., numbers 200, 201 and 202.