Tankards of various size were ordered by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) from the 1660's onwards. Their shapes closely followed the German stoneware models sent with the orders. The decoration was invariably in Chinese Transitional style, reworked in the Japanese manner. Cf. D.F. Lunsingh Scheurleer, Chinesisches und Japanisches Porzellan in Europaischen Fassungen, Verlag Kilnhardt & Biermann, 1980, pl. XIV & XV; Ford and Impey, Japanese Art from the Gerry Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1989, p. 72, ill. 40a.