The 'Roman' library chair, with this form of 'shell' back as it was called, featured in The London Chair-Makers and Carvers Book of Prices, 1802 (pl. 1, figs. 1, 3 and 5). Similar backs appear on a set of four 'Roman' chairs with elbows supplied for Tullynally Castle, Co. Westmeath by William France, Junior, in 1807 (see G. Castle, 'The France Family of Upholsterers and Cabinet-Makers', Furniture History, 2005, pp. 34-35, fig. 4). Similar voluted arms appear on Thomas Chippendale Junior's oak armchairs supplied for Stourhead, Wiltshire in 1816 (see J. Goodison, 'Thomas Chippendale the Younger at Stourhead', ibid., p. 79, fig. 48). Related 'Roman' backs, enriched with Roman acanthus, appeared on chairs supplied in 1826 by the Edinburgh firm of Richard Clark & Son (F. Bamford, A Dictionary of Edinburgh Wrights and Furniture Makers, Leeds, 1983, pl. 44A). A 'rosewood' japanned chair, with the present back pattern flowered with palms and acanthus, was sold anonymously, Christie's, London, 13 April 1989, lot 28).