This service was given by the Saxon Elector Friedrich August II (King August III of Poland), to Elizabeth I Petrovna on the occasion of the marriage of her nephew, Grand Prince Peter Feodorovich, to Sophie-Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst, later Catherine II. Some 440 pieces of the service are listed in an inventory (dated 5th November 1745) of certain chattels belonging to the Imperial household of St. Petersburg. 145 pieces of this service are still in Hermitage.
The Order of St. Andrew, the highest of all Russian Imperial Orders, was founded in 1698 by Peter the Great, and the cross is a simplified version of the Order's badge; depicted without the black double-headed eagle that usually accompanies it, and St. Andrew is also depicted without a halo. The letters at the each end of the cross, S, A, P and R are an abbreviation of Sanctus Andreas Patronus Russiae.
Replacements to this service were made by the Imperial Porcelain Factory during the 19th century.