The present vase is remarkably light in weight for its size, suggesting that the skeletal material is likely to be cloth rather than a heavier material such as metal or wood. The carving is unusually deep and crisp and the design especially complex. Compare with a brush pot in the Nelson-Atkins Museum, Kansas City, carved from equally thick lacquer with scholars and attendants within gardens, illustrated in Hai-wai yi-chen (Chinese Art in Overseas Collections - Lacquerware), Taipei, 1987, p. 166, no. 163. See, also, a bottle vase with medallions carved around the body enclosing figures in landscapes reserved on a dense floral ground, in the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, ibid., p. 169, no. 166. Compare two smaller hu carved with figural scenes around the body sold in these rooms, 24 March 2004, lot 14 and 21 September 2004, lot 83.