• European Noble and Private Col auction at Christies

    Sale 2835

    European Noble and Private Collections

    15 - 16 December 2009, Amsterdam

  • Lot 249

    A SOUTH GERMAN 20 CM. (8 INCH) CELESTIAL GLOBE

    GEORG MATTHÄUS SEUTTER (1678-1757), AUGSBURG. EARLY 18TH CENTURY

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    A SOUTH GERMAN 20 CM. (8 INCH) CELESTIAL GLOBE
    GEORG MATTHÄUS SEUTTER (1678-1757), AUGSBURG. EARLY 18TH CENTURY
    Globus Coeleftis in quo omnes Afterismi accurate delineati cura et impenfis Matthaei Seutteri Chalcogr:Auguft made up of twelve hand-coloured engraved gores and two polar calottes, the constellations depicted by mythical beasts and figures with stars shown to six orders of magnitude, stamped brass meridian circle, graduated in degrees, hand-coloured engraved paper horizon laid down on a cardboard ring, on a later ebonized and oak stand with four baluster pillars, circular base plate and cross-stretchers, on bun feet
    30 cm. high overall


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    Given his name is so well-known as a globe-maker, surprisingly little appears to be recorded definitively about Georg Matthäus Seutter (Augsburg 1678 - 1757).
    It is known that Seutter switched professions from working in his maternal grandfather's brewery to training as a cartographer and engraver with Johann Baptista Homann in Nuremburg, and that in 1707 he established himself as a cartographer, geographer and globe-maker in Augsburg. His wide variety of maps, city plans and other charts survive in great numbers, although his fine globes are considerably more scarce; it is quite possible that he concentrated more on maps than globes to minimise direct competition with the leading globe-maker of the time, Nuremburg-based Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr (1671-1750). It is agreed that Seutter issued his first pair of globes, with a diameter of 20 cm. (8 in.) -of which this is an example of the celestial- in around 1710.
    Others of his globes recorded include celestial spheres of 64 cm. and 160 cm. diameter.
    Seutter held the title of Kaiserlicher Geograph (Imperial Geographer) for the two years before his death as a reward for the publication of his Grossen Atlas dedicated to Emperor Charles VI. He was initially succeeded by his son Albrecht Carl and by his son-in-law Tobias Konrad Lotter, and subsequently by Mattäus Albrecht Lotter (1741-1810), the son of Tobias.
    Seutter's celestial cartography is of interest as he included a number of uncommon constellations: Rhombus, Robur Carolinum, Lilium, Sceptrum Regale and the 'rivers' Jordanus and Tigris. Although from various different sources (Plancius, Habrecht II, Pardies, Halley and Royer) Seutter was the first to show all these new constellations together.

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    Pre-Lot Text

    THE PROPERTY OF A GERMAN GENTLEMAN