The fine carving of the zitan base and cover indicate that these are highly likely to have been produced in the Palace workshops in Beijing.
Xi Wangmu's palace at the Jasper Pool in the Kunlun mountains is known for its size and beauty, and for its gardens in which grows a fabulous peach tree. The tree bears magical peaches which confer immortality upon anyone who eats them. They are said to take 3000 years to grow and a further 3000 years to ripen. The cylinder depicts the scene of the banquet that is held when the peaches have been harvested. This event is proclaimed Xi Wangmu's birthday and all the immortals are invited to the Pantao hui (Feast of Peaches) to celebrate by the eating of exotic delicacies and by enjoying musical performances.