It is extremely rare to find lacquer pieces from the Chongzhen reign. Compare to a Chongzhen-marked tianqi and qiangjin lacquer Luohan bed in the Palace Museum Collection, illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Furniture of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (I), Shanghai, 2002, pl. 8. The rendition of the dragons on the current chest is very similar to that on a zitan chest in the Palace Museum Collection, illustrated ibid., pl. 191.