No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.
By descent through family to present vendor.
Post Lot Text
The crest & arms are for the Reverend Thomas Raffles of Liverpool (1788-1863), a cousin of Sir Stamford Raffles, (1781-1826), founder of Singapore. He preached at Great George Street Chapel, Liverpool & spent over 50 years in the ministry. His record of Liverpool life & his work there was published posthumously in London in 1864, entitled "Memoirs of the Life and Ministry of Rev. Thomas Raffles".