These lots have been imported from outside the EU for sale using a Temporary Import regime. Import VAT is payable (at 5%) on the Hammer price. VAT is also payable (at 20%) on the buyer’s Premium on a VAT inclusive basis. This VAT is not shown separately on the invoice. When a buyer of such a lot has registered an EU address but wishes to export the lot or complete the import into another EU country, he must advise Christie's immediately after the auction.
Renaissance Revival taste of the late nineteenth century inspired numerous European silversmiths. They incorporated natural materials such as rock crystal, hardstones, shells and enamels. The resurgence of the use of rock crystal among Viennese silversmiths had much to do with the unification of Germany in 1871, when the contents of Hungarian mines became accessible.
Herman Ratzendorfer’s firm was founded in 1843, producing gold, silver, enamel and rock crystal in the Neo-Renaissance taste. He was a major advocate of the Austrian Arts and Craft Movement, well-known for taking inspiration from sixteenth century Nuremberg goldsmiths' techniques. He also reintroduced techniques such as intarsia and niello after having examined pertinent works in the Imperial treasuries.
PROPERTY FROM A SWISS PRIVATE COLLECTION