It is rare to find figural depictions with the verve of those seen here, and also unusual for the ground on which they are placed to be as freely floral. Only the Western Islamic metalworkers seem to have loosened their structural approach to this extent. A similar ground is seen on a larger candlestick formerly in the Harari collection (Arthur Upham Pope, A Survey of Persian Art, Oxford and London, 1938, pl. 1371), also on a second in the Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh (Eva Baer, Metalwork in Medieval Islamic Art, New York, 1983, pl. 130, p. 155). The former example is signed by Muhammad b. Raf(i') al-Din Shirazi and dated to 1360. The latter has the vigorous figures seen here.