• Centuries of Style: Silver, Eu auction at Christies

    Sale 7800

    Centuries of Style: Silver, European Ceramics, Portrait Miniatures and Gold Boxes

    17 November 2009, London, King Street

  • Lot 232

    AN IMPORTANT EDWARD VI SILVER-GILT MOUNTED RHENISH SALT-GLAZED 'TIGERWARE' JUG

    LONDON, 1550, MAKER'S MARK IC MONOGRAM

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    AN IMPORTANT EDWARD VI SILVER-GILT MOUNTED RHENISH SALT-GLAZED 'TIGERWARE' JUG
    LONDON, 1550, MAKER'S MARK IC MONOGRAM
    The globular stoneware body with straight neck, with lustrous mottled brown glaze, the foot and neck each with a crenellated silver-gilt mount, the hinged cover chased with three portrait busts within foliage and set with central circular plaque with enamelled coat-of-arms, with a cast poppy and foliage thumb-piece, the rim engraved with an inscription, marked inside cover
    5 5/8 in. (14.3 cm.) high
    The inscription reads 'But who Drynketh of the water opf Lyfe shall never thyrste ag[ain]' which relates to chapter 4, verse 14 of St. John's gospel, when Christ speaks to a Samaritan woman at the well of Jacob.

    The arms are those of Warde with a cadency mark of a crescent for a second son for William Warde (1534-1609), translator and physician to Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603) and King James I (1603-1625). The arms were confirmed at the 1619 Heralds' Visitation of Warwickshire to the Warde family of Pillerton and Barford. William Warde was the second son of Thomas Warde of Barford.


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    Mounted Rhenishware

    Unmounted salt-glazed Rhenish or "Tigerware" stoneware pots were unbiquitous in the Tudor household. P. Glanville, op. cit., makes a detailed examination of the trade in such wares and the Tudor fascination with mounting these domestic vessels in silver and silver-gilt. She notes that the city of Exeter alone was importing up to five thousand pots a year by the end of the 16th century.

    The fashion for adorning stoneware vessels with silver and silver-gilt mounts, as is so often the case, would appears to have started at the Royal Court. Glanville records that King Henry VIII's cardinal Wolsey and his administrator Thomas Cromwell both possessed such pots in the 1520s. By 1574 the Jewel House contained examples made for the Marquess of Exeter in 1538 and another which had belonged to Edward, Duke of Somerset from 1552. The cost of mounted pots around the time of the manufacture of the Warde pot was in the region of £2 to £3. Margaret, Countess of Rutland paid £2.17s.8d for such a piece in 1551.

    Engraving the mounts with a coat-of-arms, initials or a merchants mark was commonplace and a sign of ownership. Relatively few bear enamelled bosses such as that found on the present lot. The Gittings pot in the collection of the Vintners Company, made in 1562, is applied with a boss enamelled with the arms of the Company and David Gittings' merchants mark and is rare having an unbroken provenance.

    Thomas Warde, as mentioned above, was the second son of Thomas Warde of Barford. His early education was spent at Eton College. He entered its sister foundation, King's College, Cambridge having been elected a scholar in 1550. He went on to be elected a fellow in 1553, graduating as a BA in 1555 and a MA in 1558. He had started studying medicine in 1552. His early working years were spent translating Continental physicians texts, such as A. Piemont's The Secretes of the Reverende Maister Alexis Piemont: Containing Excellent Remedies Against Divers Diseases and other Accidents, which he published in six volumes over a period of years. He also translated the sermons on John Calvin (1509-1564). It was probably his appointment in 1591 as regius professor of physic at Cambridge that led to him becoming physician to Queen Elizabeth I and King James I. He married twice in 1568 and 1584. He was survived by three sons, William, Thomas and Roger, all of whom are mentioned in his will proved at the Prerogative Court of Canterbury in August 1609 (PROB 11/114). Tantalisingly the will makes reference to 'all and singuler my moveable goodes plate money bookes and utensills', which were to be divided equally between his three sons, but no specific reference is made to the pot itself.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 15% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.


    Provenance

    William Warde (1534-1609), Physician to Queen Elizabeth I and King James I.
    Henry Hawkins, 1st Baron Brampton (1817-1907).
    Ralph William M. Walker, Esq. (1856-1945).
    The Important Collection of R. W. M. Walker, Esq., deceased; Christie's, London, 10-11 July, 1945, lot 231 (as 1590, £720 to How).
    with How of Edinburgh, 27 Sloane Street, circa 1946, where purchased by the family of the present owner.


    Pre-Lot Text

    Property from an Estate


    Literature

    G. E. P. How, Notes on Antique Silver, vol. 5, p. 30 and 31.
    "The Sale Room", The Times, 12 July 1945, p. 6, col. d
    P. Glanville, Silver in Tudor and Early Stuart England, A Social History and Catalogue of the National Collection, London, 1990, p. 332.


    Exhibited

    London, 25 Park Lane, W.1, Loan Exhibition of Old English Plate, 1929, no. 476 (as 1590), (anonymous loan).