• Lot 359

    DEUX GRAVURES ENCADREES ILLUSTRANT LES CONQUETES DE L'EMPEREUR QIANLONG

    DEUXIEME MOITIE DU XVIIIEME SIECLE

    Price Realised  

    DEUX GRAVURES ENCADREES ILLUSTRANT LES CONQUETES DE L'EMPEREUR QIANLONG
    DEUXIEME MOITIE DU XVIIIEME SIECLE
    Tirées d'une série de seize gravures commandées en 1765 par l'Empereur Qianlong pour commémorer ses victoires en Asie Centrale (1755-1759) : gravure n.1 "La soumission d'Ili" en 1755, les troupes chinoises ont marché jusqu'à Kouldja sans rencontrer de résistance, dessin par Sichelbarth (1765), gravure par Préevot (1769) ; gravure n.8 "La Grande Victoire de Qurman", le Général Fu Te et ses 600 hommes ont vaincu 5000 musulmans en 1759, dessin par Damascene (1765), gravure par St Aubin (1770) ; petites taches
    Dimensions des gravures: circa 89,5 x 51,5 cm. (35¼ x 20 1/3 in.) (2)


    Contact Client Service
    • info@christies.com

    • New York +1 212 636 2000

    • London +44 (0)20 7839 9060

    • Hong Kong +852 2760 1766

    • Shanghai +86 21 6355 1766

    Contact the department

    The Emperor Qianlong commissioned the original set of sixteen engravings of his conquests on 13 July 1765 for the central hall of the Palace in Beijing and is recorded to have said: 'I wish the sixteen prints of the victories that I won in the conquest of the kingdom of Chumgar and the neighbouring Mahommedan countries, which I had painted by Lamxinim [Castiglione] and the other European painters who are in my service in the city of Peking, to be sent to Europe where the best artists in copper shall be chosen so that they may render each of these prints perfectly in all its parts on plates of copper'.
    The drawings were prepared in China by four Jesuits: Giuseppe Castiglione, the director of the project, Jean-Denis Attiret, Ignatius Sichelbarth and Jean Damascene. They were sent to Paris, where the engravings were executed by eight artists under the direction of Charles-Nicolas Cochin of the Académie Royale at the Court of Louis XVI. This commission was considered of utmost importance, as it potentially offered France means of leaving a favorable impression on the Emperor and thus gaining advantage in view of commerce and missioning, directed against the Dutch, Portuguese and English.
    Complete sets of these engravings are relatively rare: a set is kept in the Bibliothèque Mazarine; another in the Bibliothèque Nationale; a third in the Musée Guimet; and a set given by Louis XVI to Necker, now in Castle Coppet in Switzerland. Another complete set was sold in our New York Rooms 20/21 March 1997, lot 286.

    Special Notice

    No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT payable at 19.6% (5.5% for books) will be added to the buyer’s premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis


    Provenance

    From a French private collection


    Pre-Lot Text

    Les lots 359 et 360 seront vendus avec faculté de réunion


    Post Lot Text

    TWO FRAMED ENGRAVINGS, THE CONQUESTS OF THE EMPEROR QIANLONG AFTER SICHELBARTH AND DAMASCENE
    SECOND HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY