VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium
Post Lot Text
The Kumani family clearly had links to the Imperial Russian Navy.
A Nikolai Michailovitch Kumani (1793-1869) was a General & hydrographer in the Russian fleet & a Sofya Nikolayevna Kumani (1830-1889), daughter of an admiral, was married to Admiral Andrei Ivanovitch Nikonov. The name Kumani is actually principally Bulgarian & derives from the Cuman people, a nomadic Turkic tribe who came from north of the Black Sea along the Volga River & entered the lands of present-day southern Ukraine & Romania in the 11th century.