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    Sale 14139

    Out of the Ordinary

    14 September 2016, London, South Kensington

  • Lot 507

    SIR HENRY MORTON STANLEY GCB (1841-1904)
    A SILVER-GILT CARDIFF FREEDOM CASKET

    BY EDGAR FINLEY AND HUGH TAYLOR, LONDON, 1890

    Price Realised  

    Estimate

    SIR HENRY MORTON STANLEY GCB (1841-1904)
    A SILVER-GILT CARDIFF FREEDOM CASKET
    BY EDGAR FINLEY AND HUGH TAYLOR, LONDON, 1890
    Containing a leather ended scroll recording Stanley's admission as an Honorary Freeman of Cardiff, together with a miniature leather bound calendar for 1891, retailed by J. T. Barry and Sons, 8 & 9 Duke Street Cardiff, on velvet base with engraved plaque 'PRESENTED TO HENRY MORETON STANLEY ESQUIRE/ WITH THE HONORARY FREEDOM OF THE COUNTY BOROUGH OF CARDIFF,/ IN RECOGNITION OF THE GREAT AND IMPORTANT SERVICES RENDERED TO CIVILIZATION AND COMMERCE THROUGH HIS EXPLORATIONS/ AND TRAVELS RESULTING IN THE OPENING OF THE RESOURCES OF THE/ VAST CONTINENT OF AFRICA. 1890./ ALDERMAN WILLIAM SANDERS J.P. MAYOR J.L. WHEATLEY TOWN CLERK.'
    11 ½ in. (29.5 cm.) high; 17 ½ in. (44.5 cm.) wide; 11 ½ in. (29.5 cm.) deep


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    "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" - the now famous question reputedly asked by Stanley upon finding the missionary and explorer, David Livingstone.

    Born illegitimate in Denbigh, Wales in 1841, as John Rowlands, he went to the United States, aged 18, in search of a new life & to avoid what was then a social stigma. In New Orleans he became friendly with a trader named Stanley, whose name he later adopted. He fought on both sides in the American Civil War & was later retained as a correspondent by James Gordon Bennett, founder of the New York Herald. He became an overseas correspondent & found fame when he discovered the missionary David Livingstone who had disappeared in East Africa, having been commissioned to do so by J.G.Bennett Junior who had succeeded his father on the latter's retirement; however his actions in Africa later attracted great controversy. In 1890, Stanley returned successfully with Emin Pasha, governor of Equatoria, a province in southern Sudan, after mounting a relief expedition to "rescue" him from the interior, having discovered the Ruwenzori mountain range & Lake Edward. He later became MP for Lambeth North (1895-1900) & was made Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in 1899 in recognition of his services to the British Empire. He died in 1904.

    Special Notice

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    Provenance

    Sir Henry Morton Stanley.
    Thence by descent.
    Christie's, London, 13 May 1992, lot 62.


    Pre-Lot Text

    Property from the Collection of David Gainsborough Roberts