VICENZO MARIA CORONELLI (1650-1718).
A pair of celestial and terrestrial globes, each made up of two sets of twelve half gores and two polar calottes, hand-coloured and varnished. Terrestrial globe: [Venice], 1696 [cartouche engraved: Vicentius Coronelli ... Venetorum reipublicae cosmographus, MDCLXXXXVI]. Celestial globe undated [but probably also Venice, 1696]. Both 75 cm. diameter, mounted on a modern brass graduated meridian ring, modern brass stand with graduated hour circle (82 cm. high) and wood base (12 cm).
The terrestrial globe with the equator, polar circles and the tropics all graduated, the ecliptic also graduated, showing California as an island, Korea as a peninsula, and the coasts of "Nuova Hollanda" and "Nuova Zelandia" . Decorated with hunting and whaling scenes, and various styles of ship, the globe includes explorers' tracks and notes the dates of discoveries in Australia, the Cape of Good Hope and elsewhere, adding a large cartouche on Magellan's voyage. The dedicatory cartouche has an engraved inscription in the lower part only, whereas the upper part is blank and without the dedication to William III found in the slightly smaller Coronelli terrestrial globe at Greenwich [GLBO124]. (Heavy soiling to the northern hemisphere, some creasing and some old splits in paper, chips and bumps to the sphere.)
The celestial globe with the equator, the arctic circles, and the tropics all graduated, the ecliptic also graduated, showing the 48 Ptolemaic constellations and the non-Ptolemaic constellations, including the twelve southern constellatios of Plancius, the names recorded in Latin, Greek and Italian. In Aquarius, there is a reference to the stars observed by Hevelius with a telescope ("Telescpiae Hevelij"), and there are numerous notes on comets. Of three cartouches, one is addressed to the reader commending Coronelli, another is a comment on the southern constellations ("Furono osservate molte stelle vicine all'Antartico, incognite agli Egittj, Greci, ed à Ticone ...."), and the third is blank. In the 64 cm. diameter example of this globe at Greenwich [GLBO125], the third cartouche is filled with a dedication to William III by Coronelli, ending with his description as "Venetorum Reipublicae cosmographus" and the date "MDCLXXXXVI Londini". (Some soiling in area of culottes, one a little damaged, some creasing, light bump marks to the sphere, small hole in the figure of Perseus.)
Vicenzo Coronelli, a Venetian monk, is the most celebrated Italian globe maker. He set up a workshop for the production of globes in the convent of S. Maria Gloriosa dei Frari in Venice in 1686, having already made a pair of globes for Louis XIV, now known as the Marly globes. The production of his first printed globes began in 1688. His most remarkable atlas is the Libro dei globi, first published in 1697; in this the printed sheets of gores for all his pairs of 5, 8.5, 15, 47, and 108 cm. globes were bound together in one volume. Some of his globes are known to have been made up a significant time after the engraving or publication of the gores. This may be the case with the present gores though it is interesting to note that they are of a different size to those included in the atlas. HIGHLY RARE. cf. Elly Dekker, Globes at Grenwich, 1999, pp. 312-316.
32¼ in. (82 cm.) high (2)