• 中國近現代畫  auction at Christies

    拍賣 2858

    中國近現代畫

    2011年 5月 31日, Convention Hall

  • 拍品 2805

    鷹 水墨紙本 鏡框 一九四三年作

    徐悲鴻

    成交總額 

    徐悲鴻 鷹 水墨紙本 鏡框 一九四三年作

    題識:飛揚跋扈為誰雄。癸未 (1943年) 大寒。悲鴻寫。
    鈐印:悲鴻之印、徐
    鑑藏印:盧紫霞印,江憲泉印

    註: 作於1943年,《鷹》呈現了徐悲鴻對大自然敏銳的觀察力和對鳥類形體構造的理解,以及對中國水墨靈活非凡的掌握。他採用大筆的提頓、皺擦表達飛鷹蒼勁有力的羽翼;以水墨渲染和短速的筆法刻劃飛鷹翅膀及頸部豐滿且具光澤的羽毛;再以勾勒法畫出飛鷹尖利的鷹喙及雙爪鋭利駭人的效果。徐氏捕捉到鷹刹那間凝神蓄勢的眼神及姿態,在刻劃鷹的眼睛時,顯然汲取了西方現實主義技法之長。在中國抗日戰爭期間(1937-1945年), 鷹所體現的英雄形象及無畏無懼的姿態,成為了抗日勇士的象徴。徐悲鴻所題“飛揚跛扈為誰雄”乃出自他最鍾愛的唐代偉大詩人杜甫之《贈李白》:
    秋來相顧尚飄蓬,未就丹砂愧葛洪。 痛飲狂歌空度日,飛揚跋扈為誰雄?
    徐悲鴻在其藝術生涯中屢屢畫鷹,甚得收藏家之青睞。1988年在香港藝術館舉行的“徐悲鴻的藝術”— 北京 徐悲鴻紀念館藏品展覽中,有一副與此拍品極似、尺寸稍大 (104 x 60 厘米)、作於1944年的鷹。


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    Painted in 1943, Eagle demonstrates Xu Beihong's keen observation of nature and his understanding of the anatomy of birds, as well as his mastery of ink. In this work, Xu uses broad and broken brushwork to present the majestic and powerful long wings of the eagle. While its silky plumage and ruffled feathers are exceptionally well rendered, using various tones of ink wash and short brush strokes, its massive hooked bill and talons are delineated. Known for its keen sight and powerful soaring flight, the demeanor of this large bird of prey is further accentuated by the expression of its staring eyes and posture. It is clear that when Xu was painting the eyes for the eagle, he had already absorbed the best of Western realistic drawing techniques.
    The image of a flying eagle was a poignant symbol of Chinese soldiers during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945). This corresponds perfectly with the inscription "Powerful and arrogant, for whom is he acting like a hero?" written by the artist. In fact, this inscription is excerpted from the poem "A gift to Li Bai" of Du Fu, a great poet of the Tang dynasty whom Xu admired most.
    Throughout his artistic career, Xu Beihong painted many eagles and they are especially favoured by his collectors. Compare a very similar painting of slightly larger size (104 x 60 cm) dated 1944, in the Xu Beihong Museum Collection, Beijing, as previously exhibited in Hong Kong (Hong Kong, The Hong Kong Museum of Art, The Art of Xu Beihong, 15 April 1988-3 July 1988) . (See Illustration)